Welcome to the website of the Embassy of Bangladesh, The Hague Bangladesh has a long and friendly association with the Netherlands. The Netherlands was among the very first countries which recognized Bangladesh at the early stage of her independence. [ Read more... ]
Bangladesh is located in the north-eastern part of South Asia. It lies between 〖20〗^° 34’ and 〖26〗^° 38’ North, and longitudes 〖88〗^(° ) 01' and 〖92〗^° 41’ East. The country has 4156 km border with India on the east, west and north; and the Bay of Bengal in the south and has another 193 km with Myanmar on the south-east. The name Bangladesh denotes `Bengal land’ in the official Bangla language.
The borders of the present-day Bangladesh were established in course partition of the then Bengal and the Indian sub-continent in 1947 as it became as the eastern part of the newly-formed state of Pakistan. It was physically separated from the western part by 1,600 km (994 miles) across India. Thereafter, political, cultural and linguistic discrimination as well as economic deprivation led to popular discontent and agitations against the rulers in the then West Pakistan. The Bangalees started pressing for recognition of their linguistic and cultural identity, and eventually for autonomy and for statehood.
Bangladesh attained independence on 26 March 1971 as culmination of decades of struggle for freedom and statehood under the inspiring and resolute leadership of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. At his call, the Bangalee people rose in resistance against the occupation army of Pakistan and waged an epic war for the liberation of the land. The nine-month long war ended in the victory for the Banglaees over the Pakistan Army on 16 December 1971.
Bangladesh straddles the fertile Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) basin. The country commands a land area of about 1,47,570 square kilometers (56,977 square miles). Its alluvial plains provide fertile agricultural lands. The land-mass is largely a deltaic formation criss-crossed a network of rivers and canals. Vast green fields are bounded by sub-Himalayan table land in the north-west, and folds of low hills in the north-east and the south-east, with an average elevation of 244 and 610 metres respectively. The highest point is in the south-eastern Chittagong Hill Tracts.
The Capital city Dhaka is the principal metropolis, founded around 400 years back. The other major cities and administrative centres are Chittagong, Rajshahi, Rangpur, Khulna, Barisal and Sylhet which, together with Dhaka, constitute the seven Divisional headquarters. In total, there are 64 administrative districts and 486 upazilas (sub districts).
A principal resource of the country is her people who are widely recognized as resilient, youthful, innovative and entrepreneurial. Bangladesh is the eight most populous country in the world and is among the most densely populated countries i.e. having a population of around 152 million, with a density of 1,015 person per sq. km. Around seventy percent of the population live in the rural areas and fifty percent depend on agriculture for livelihood. Rice, fish and lentil constitute the common diet. Lungi (Sarong), vest, shirt, loose trousers (pajama) and Panjabi (Kurta) are common-wear for men and saree is the common dress for womenfolk. Western wear as well as sub-continental trends are in vogue as office wear.`
There are around 105 million people belonging to distinctive ethnic groups. Majority of them live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. They speak their own languages and maintain unique cultural identity.
Social life in Bangladesh is marked by communal peace and harmony. The four major faiths practiced in Bangladesh are Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity. Muslims constitute about 89.7% (approx.) of the population and the Hindus about 9.2% (approx.).
The rest of the population comprises Buddhists, Christians and animists. The Constitution guarantees religious and cultural freedom for all citizens of Bangladesh.